Earth’s orbit around the sun and its rotation on a tilted axis causes some parts of Earth to receive more solar radiation than others. This uneven heating produces global circulation patterns. For example, the abundance of energy reaching the equator produces hot humid air that rises high into the atmosphere.
What are the 4 global patterns that influence local weather?
E. 7.3. Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and ocean currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, air pressure, wind direction and speed, and humidity and precipitation.
What are global patterns of climate?
Global climate patterns are dynamic: They are continually changing in response to solar radiation, atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, and other climate forcing factors. Among the more predictable of these changes are cyclical changes in solar radiation reaching the poles.
How do global patterns of atmospheric movement affect weather?
Global patterns of atmospheric movement influence local weather. Oceans have a major effect on climate, because water in the oceans holds a large amount of heat. … Heat consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms, molecules, and ions. The higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion.
What are factors that influence weather?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
How do weather patterns work?
Weather patterns start with air masses, which are large bodies of air with uniform temperatures and air pressure. Air masses are categorized based on the temperature (polar or tropical) and their origin (land or marine). The origins of the air masses influence the humidity of the air.
How do global winds influence local weather?
The way the air moves affects the weather, because winds move heat and cold temperatures as well as moisture from one place to another, transporting conditions from one geographical zone to another. The way winds pass each other, and the direction they move, also affects what weather a region will see on any given day.
What are the five factors that affect climate?
what are the five factors that affect climate? latitude,temperature,precipitation,topography,and elevation.
What is an example of a global pattern?
For example, students examine data of soil moisture, insolation, surface temperature, cloud fraction, precipitation, world topography/bathymetry, aerosol optical thickness, and biosphere (from different times of the year) to identify patterns of distribution and variation at regional and global scales.
What are 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.
What is meant by global patterns of atmospheric movement?
Air in the atmosphere moves around the world in a pattern called global atmospheric circulation. Credit: UCAR. Even with disruptions like weather fronts and storms, there is a consistent pattern to how air moves around our planet’s atmosphere.
How can the ocean impact weather patterns?
The ocean influences weather patterns by distributing heat and moisture around the globe. … Warm water is also evaporated from the ocean into the atmosphere, where it can condense and form clouds, which can eventually lead to rain.
How do global patterns of atmospheric movement influence and what do they create?
Global wind patterns affect how air masses move. Prevailing westerlies are the major wind belts in the continental United States. The prevailing westerlies generally push air masses from west to east. … These cold, dry air masses are blown east and affect the weather in the central and eastern part of the United States.