Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds such as sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen are released into the air. These substances can rise very high up into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants called acid rain.
What are 3 causes of acid rain?
Power plants release the majority of sulfur dioxide and much of the nitrogen oxides when they burn fossil fuels, such as coal, to produce electricity. In addition, the exhaust from cars, trucks, and buses releases nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide into the air. These pollutants cause acid rain.
What are the causes and effects on acid rain and how can they be reduced?
Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they produce much less pollution. These energy sources can be used to power machinery and produce electricity. Cars and trucks are major sources of the pollutants that cause acid rain. … Some new cars can also use cleaner fuels, such as natural gas.
What is the effect of acid rain on humans?
Acid Rain Can Cause Health Problems in People
Air pollution like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can cause respiratory diseases, or can make these diseases worse. Respiratory diseases like asthma or chronic bronchitis make it hard for people to breathe.
Is acid rain still a problem in 2020?
The quick version: Yes, acid rain is still around, and yes it’s still a problem. … Rain is naturally slightly acidic, since picks up carbon dioxide in the air, producing carbonic acid. But when it starts absorbing industrial pollutants like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, the acidity becomes troublesome.
What are two negative effects of too much acid in nature?
Acid rain and fog also damage forests, especially those at higher elevations. The acid deposits rob the soil of essential nutrients such as calcium and cause aluminum to be released in the soil, which makes it hard for trees to take up water. Trees’ leaves and needles are also harmed by acids.
How does acid rain affect US Class 8?
Effects of acid rain: (1) Acid rain causes direct damage to leaves of plants. (2) Acid rain causes damage to fresh water life which decreases the fish population in lakes. (4) Acid rain removes basic nutrients such as calcium from the soil.
What type of material is immune to acid rain?
Silicate minerals resist acidic attacks from the atmosphere. Sandstone, another silica material, is also resistant. Stainless steel and aluminum tend to hold up better.
What are 3 ways to reduce acid rain?
Burning natural gas creates much less sulfur dioxide than coal. Another way to reduce acid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. Instead, we can use renewable energy sources, like solar and wind power. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they create much less pollution.