How do winter monsoons affect India?

Monsoons dominate India’s climate. … Monsoon winds blow from cold to warm regions because cold air takes up more space than warm air. So, monsoons blow from the land toward the sea in winter and from the sea toward land in the summer. India’s winters are hot and dry.

How does monsoon affect India during winter?

Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia. The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall.

What are the effects of winter monsoon?

impact of atmospheric processes

Winter monsoons have a dominant easterly component and a strong tendency to diverge, subside, and cause drought. Both are the result of differences in annual temperature trends over land and sea.

What is winter monsoon in India?

The Indian winter monsoon (IWM) is a key component of the seasonally changing monsoon system that affects the densely populated regions of South Asia. Cold winds originating in high northern latitudes provide a link of continental-scale Northern Hemisphere climate to the tropics.

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What causes winter monsoons?

The Meteorology of Monsoons

Monsoons are primarily seasonal winds in the warmer regions of the world caused by large temperature differences between land masses and adjacent oceans. … The air-flow pattern of the winter monsoons, on a continental scale, leads to dry, cool conditions on land.

What season do monsoons occur?

It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.

In which month rainy season comes in India?


Seasons Month Climate
Winter December to January Very Cool
Spring Feburary to March Sunny and pleasant.
Summer April to June Hot
Monsoon July to Mid-September Wet, hot and humid

Are monsoons good or bad?

Monsoons are both helpful and harmful.

Although we often associate monsoons with harmful and destructive rain storms, the rains they bring are important for crop production. Summer monsoons in Asia are essential to bring enough water to the area to grow rice and other crops.

What are monsoons caused by?

The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.

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What are winter rains called?

Winter rainfall is locally known as Mahawat.

Which state in India has winter monsoon?

Eastern Ghats, These monsoon winds reach the southern states of India by October, and are responsible for a second round of rainfall. These are called the winter monsoons. The winter monsoon is experienced in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in the first week of January.

How is winter in India?

January and February are considered the winter months in India. The minimum temperature recorded in the past two months was 15.39 degrees Celsius against a normal of 14.59 degrees Celsius, which was 0.79 degrees (rounded off) above normal for the season (See box).

Why India is called tropical country Upsc?

Indian subcontinent is separated from the rest of Asia by the lofty Himalayan ranges which block the cold air masses moving southwards from Central Asia. … Thus the whole of India, south of the Himalayas can be climatically treated as a tropical country.

Weather in the house