Why the Indian Ocean tsunami was so deadly?

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. … Within hours of the earthquake, killer waves radiating from the epicenter slammed into the coastlines of 11 countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand.

Why was the Indian Ocean tsunami so devastating?

According to USGS scientists, the sea floor near the earthquake was uplifted several meters. The displacement of water above the sea floor triggered the tsunami, which caused catastrophic levels of destruction in countries around the Indian Ocean basin, reaching as far as the east coast of Africa.

Was the Indian Ocean tsunami deadly?

The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours.

Why is a tsunami so deadly?

Tsunamis can be particularly destructive because of their speed and volume. They are also dangerous as they return to the sea, carrying debris and people with them. The first wave in a tsunami may not be the last, the largest, or the most damaging.

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What damage did the Indian Ocean tsunami cause?

Ten people were reported killed, and flooding destroyed a major bridge between the capital Port Victoria and main airport. Also, the island reported devastating economic loss in millions of dollars due to hotels, housing, public utilities, and fishing damages. More than 300 deaths were reported and 5,000 displaced.

Can you swim in a tsunami?

“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” Eventually, the wave will pull back, dragging cars, trees, and buildings with it.

What is the biggest tsunami ever?

Did they know the 2004 tsunami was coming?

26, 2004, no one saw the massive waves coming. Authorities in Indonesia, where a 9.1 magnitude quake sparked the tsunami, weren’t able to send out an alert because the country’s sensor system had been hit by lightning. Thai officials did send a warning, but only after the first deadly wave hit.

Why did the 2004 tsunami kill so many?

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. … Within hours of the earthquake, killer waves radiating from the epicenter slammed into the coastlines of 11 countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand.

How do you survive a tsunami?

IF YOU ARE UNDER A TSUNAMI WARNING:

  1. First, protect yourself from an Earthquake. …
  2. Get to high ground as far inland as possible. …
  3. Be alert to signs of a tsunami, such as a sudden rise or draining of ocean waters.
  4. Listen to emergency information and alerts.
  5. Evacuate: DO NOT wait! …
  6. If you are in a boat, go out to sea.
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Why is a tsunami so powerful?

The power of a tsunami comes from straightforward physics. An earthquake suddenly pushes part of the sea floor up or down. That changes the height of the water above it — what physicists call potential energy — and the potential energy quickly changes into the kinetic energy of the tsunami waves.

What was a social impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami?

Social impacts of the tsunami (effects on people)

230 000 deaths. 1.7 million homeless. 5-6 million needing emergency aid, eg food and water. Threat of disease from mixing of fresh water, sewage and salt water.

When was the last tsunami in the world?

Tsunami of January 22, 2017 (Bougainville, P.N.G.)

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