Tsunamis can be particularly destructive because of their speed and volume. They are also dangerous as they return to the sea, carrying debris and people with them. The first wave in a tsunami may not be the last, the largest, or the most damaging.
What caused the tsunami and why was it so deadly?
The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. The epicenter of the 9.0 magnitude quake was located in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of Sumatra.
Why is a tsunami so powerful?
The power of a tsunami comes from straightforward physics. An earthquake suddenly pushes part of the sea floor up or down. That changes the height of the water above it — what physicists call potential energy — and the potential energy quickly changes into the kinetic energy of the tsunami waves.
What’s the number one cause of death in a tsunami?
The majority of deaths associated with tsunamis are related to drownings, but traumatic injuries are also a primary concern. Injuries such as broken limbs and head injuries are caused by the physical impact of people being washed into debris such as houses, trees, and other stationary items.
Can a tsunami kill you?
A tsunami can kill or injure people and damage or destroy buildings and infrastructure as waves come in and go out. A tsunami is a series of enormous ocean waves caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions, or asteroids.
Can you swim in a tsunami?
“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” Eventually, the wave will pull back, dragging cars, trees, and buildings with it.
How many tourists died in Thailand tsunami?
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami timeline
+1.5 hours: Beaches in southern Thailand are hit by the tsunami. Among the 5,400 who died were 2,000 foreign tourists. +2 hours: The tsunami strikes the Sri Lankan coastline from the northeast and all around the southern tip; more than 30,000 people are dead or missing.
Would a tsunami kill you instantly?
Tsunamis are harmless for 95% of their life. The energy of the tsunami runs through the entire depth of the ocean. It only becomes deadly when the ocean floor becomes shallow, and all that energy compresses into a smaller amount of water.
What is the biggest tsunami ever?
How far inland would a 1000 Ft tsunami go?
Tsunamis can travel as far as 10 miles (16 km) inland, depending on the shape and slope of the shoreline. Hurricanes also drive the sea miles inward, putting people at risk. But even hurricane veterans may ignore orders to evacuate.
How long did the 2004 tsunami last?
The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs.
What are the chances of dying in a tsunami?
Your odds of dying as the result of an asteroid impact are 1 in 200,000. And the odds that you or I will die in a tsunami are more like one in 500,000.
Has anyone survived a tsunami?
Rahmat Saiful Bahri survived the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 that swept over Indonesia’s Aceh province. On 28 September this year, he again found himself at the centre of a disaster – this time in Palu. Interview by Hidayatullah for BBC Indonesian.
Where is the safest place to go during a tsunami?
Should a tsunami occur and you cannot get to higher ground, stay inside where you are protected from the water. It’s best to be on the landward side of the house, away from windows. Often tsunamis occur in multiple waves that can occur minutes apart, but also as much as one hour apart.
Can you survive a tsunami on the beach?
If you feel more than 20 seconds of very strong ground shaking and are in a tsunami hazard zone, evacuate as soon as it is safe to do so. If you are on the beach or in a harbor and feel an earthquake-no matter howsmall-immediately move inland or to high ground. GO ON FOOT. Roads and bridges may be damaged.