Acid rain results when sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) are emitted into the atmosphere and transported by wind and air currents. The SO2 and NOX react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form sulfuric and nitric acids. These then mix with water and other materials before falling to the ground.
Which of the following gases cause acid rain?
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.
Which of the following is are major contributors of acid rain?
Which of the following gases are main contributors to acid rain? Explanation: Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide have a high tendency to mix with water to form sulphurous/sulphuric acid and nitric acid.
What is a contributor to acid rain?
Human activities leading to chemical gas emissions such as sulfur and nitrogen are the primary contributors to acid rain. The activities include air pollution sources emitting sulfur and nitrogen gases like factories, power generation facilities, and automobiles.
What are the two main contributors to acid rain?
Causes of acid rain
The biggest sources are coal-burning power plants, factories, and automobiles. When humans burn fossil fuels, sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are released into the atmosphere.
Why acid rain is harmful?
Acid rain can be extremely harmful to forests. Acid rain that seeps into the ground can dissolve nutrients, such as magnesium and calcium, that trees need to be healthy. Acid rain also causes aluminum to be released into the soil, which makes it difficult for trees to take up water.
What is the chemical formula for acid rain?
“Clean” or unpolluted rain has an acidic pH, but usually no lower than 5.7, because carbon dioxide and water in the air react together to form carbonic acid, a weak acid according to the following reaction: H2O (l) + CO2 (g) ⇌ H2CO3 (aq)
Can acid rain kill you?
Can acid rain kill you? While acid rain can be incredibly detrimental for the environment and will kill many plants and animals over a long enough exposure, it won’t directly hurt or kill you.
What are 3 ways to reduce acid rain?
Burning natural gas creates much less sulfur dioxide than coal. Another way to reduce acid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. Instead, we can use renewable energy sources, like solar and wind power. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they create much less pollution.
Is acid rain still a problem in 2020?
The quick version: Yes, acid rain is still around, and yes it’s still a problem. … Rain is naturally slightly acidic, since picks up carbon dioxide in the air, producing carbonic acid. But when it starts absorbing industrial pollutants like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, the acidity becomes troublesome.
What are the impacts of acid rain?
The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife. As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes.
Which one of the following is not related to acid rain?
Carbon monoxide does not react with water to form an acid. So, it would not contribute to acid rain. The last one is carbon dioxide: Carbon dioxide reacts with water to form carbonic acid thus contributing to acid rain.