After failing to retake Philadelphia, Washington led his 12,000-man army into winter quarters at Valley Forge, located approximately 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Philadelphia. They remained there for six months, from December 19, 1777 to June 19, 1778.
How did the winter at Valley Forge start?
In December, 1777, General George Washington moved the Continental Army to their winter quarters at Valley Forge. … By the time the army marched into Valley Forge on December 19, they were suffering not only from cold, hunger, and fatigue, but from low morale in the wake of the disastrous Philadelphia Campaign.
How did the winter at Valley Forge end?
The particularly severe winter of 1777-1778 proved to be a great trial for the American army, and of the 11,000 soldiers stationed at Valley Forge, hundreds died from disease. However, the suffering troops were held together by loyalty to the Patriot cause and to General Washington, who stayed with his men.
Was there a cannibalism at Valley Forge?
Apparently, during their stay at Valley Forge, Washington and his troops were stranded without supplies and forced to resort to cannibalism in order to survive. Washington relished the taste of human meat, having one man killed each day to satisfy him even after supplies came through.
What was so bad about the winter at Valley Forge?
The winter at Valley Forge was a rough one. … The Valley Forge Encampment was difficult because the soldiers lacked proper clothing and proper meals. There were seven winters during the Revolutionary War. The winters could be rated on the following scale: severe, moderate and mild.
How many died at Valley Forge?
In total, about 1,700-2,000 troops died during the Valley Forge encampment, mostly at general hospitals located in six different towns. Valley Forge had the highest mortality rate of any Continental Army encampment, and even most military engagements of the war.
How cold was the winter at Valley Forge?
The Valley Forge winter was not even a severe one. Meteorological records kept by local resident Thomas Coombe show that the average daily temperature in the Philadelphia area during the first month of the encampment, that is from December 20, 1777 to January 20, 1778, was 33 degrees.
Did George Washington pray at Valley Forge?
One of the legends or myths of Valley Forge is that Washington prayed for his country here. We do not say that he did not pray at Valley Forge, there simply is an open question as to how he did so and if he actually was witnessed in prayer.
What did the soldiers eat at Valley Forge?
Soldiers were supposed to receive daily amounts of beef, pork or fish; flour or bread; cornmeal or rice; and rum or whiskey. However, with no organized distribution system combined with limited food resources near the encampment site, soldiers went several days with little to no food during the winter months.
What disease did Washington inoculate vaccinate his soldiers against during the winter?
Smallpox at Valley Forge
Washington’s decision to inoculate his troops—using a process called variolation in which pus from an infected person is introduced into the body of an uninfected person—provided them protection from the growing epidemic and enabled them to fight to British forces and eventually win the war.
What difficulties did the Patriots face at Valley Forge?
The difficulties that the Patriots faced at valley forge was; illness, harsh weather, lack of supplies. How might weather conditions affect the outcome of a battle? The effect on weather conditions to outcome in a battle is that the soldiers could fight harder to make their suffering worthit.