In extreme cases it is possible that a combination of a disgruntled population, slow official response and rehabilitation, increased market prices, lack of basic social services, poor food and health provision, civil unrest and fear, may lead to the destabilisation of a national government.
What is the social impact of a tsunami?
If a tsunami strikes and people have been warned and evacuated, the number of deaths and injuries are low or even non-existent. In this case, buildings and other structures can be damaged or destroyed and, often, large areas of land become contaminated with sea water.
What were the social effects of the 2004 tsunami?
Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless.
What is tsunami social?
Hint: The word “tsunami” is a Japanese word for a geographical phenomenon. … Complete answer: In Japanese “tsunami” means “harbour wave.” A tsunami is produced by the movement of water, unlike regular ocean waves that are generated by wind or tides that are generated by the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun.
What are the impacts of tsunami?
4. Types of tsunami impacts
|Impact||People and Animals|
|Water Currents||Moving waves wash out residential settlements, human beings and cattle.|
|Contamination||Contaminated water injures and causes health hazards|
|Debris/sediments of soil||Human fatalities and severe injuries|
|Gas and Fire||Leakage of gas, explosions due to leakage.|
What are the economic impacts of tsunamis?
In terms of the death toll and the number of displaced people, this was the worst natural disaster in recorded history in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The total economic cost of damage was estimated at US$ 9.4 billion.
How can we prevent tsunamis?
IF YOU ARE UNDER A TSUNAMI WARNING:
- First, protect yourself from an Earthquake. …
- Get to high ground as far inland as possible. …
- Be alert to signs of a tsunami, such as a sudden rise or draining of ocean waters.
- Listen to emergency information and alerts.
- Evacuate: DO NOT wait! …
- If you are in a boat, go out to sea.
What are the long term effects of a tsunami?
Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. The effects of the tsunami on the country during this period range from destruction and damage, death, injury, millions of dollars in financial loss, and long lasting psychological problems for the inhabitants of the region.
What is a social impact?
Social impact can be defined as the net effect of an activity on a community and the well-being of individuals and families.
What is the biggest tsunami ever?
What are 5 events that can cause a tsunami?
Tsunami (pron: ‘soo-nar-me’) is a Japanese word: ‘tsu’ meaning harbour and ‘nami’ meaning wave. Tsunami are waves caused by sudden movement of the ocean surface due to earthquakes, landslides on the sea floor, land slumping into the ocean, large volcanic eruptions or meteorite impact in the ocean.
How long do tsunamis last?
3.5 How long does a tsunami last? Large tsunamis may continue for days in some locations, reaching their peak often a couple of hours after arrival and gradually tapering off after that. The time between tsunami crests (the tsunami’s period) ranges from approximately five minutes to two hours.