How do ocean currents affect climate? Air masses that form over ocean currents take on the temperature and humidity of the ocean water in the current. Heat energy is transferred between the air and water causing the air to either warm up or cool down.
How do oceans influence weather and climate?
The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …
Which of the following is true about how oceans affect the weather?
Explanation: As ocean surface temperatures increase, the energy transferred to the atmosphere increases air temperatures. … Warmer air temperatures may also increase precipitation as the air contains more moisture.
What is the overall effect of the oceans on Earth’s climate quizlet?
a) As ocean surface temperatures increase, the energy transferred to the atmosphere increases air temperatures. There is a lag time as the heat capacity of oceans release heat slowly. Land areas closest to the ocean receive more mild temperatures than areas farther inland.
Why do oceans contribute to the weather system?
Which of the following is a major way in which oceans contribute to weather systems? Ocean water has high salinity. Oceans transfer energy from the Sun. … Regions that receive more solar energy are typically drier.
Which of the following best describes climate?
The correct answer is letter b. Climate pattern of weather that occurs in a region over a long period of time. Climate is the average or measurement of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particles and other meteorological elements in a region for over a long period of time.
Which of these is an example of how the ocean influences climate?
An example of how the ocean influences climate is: the Gulf Stream current carries warm ocean water toward Europe. Explanation: … For Example, England enjoys a warmer climate due to the warm water of the Gulf stream.
Which two statements best describe how oceans affect climate?
Answer: They have warm and cool currents that affect weather on nearby land. They make temperatures in nearby areas slightly milder.
How do global wind belts affect weather and climate?
These global wind systems, in turn, drive the oceans’ surface currents. … Unequal heating of the Earth’s surface also forms large global wind patterns. In area near the equator, the sun is almost directly overhead for most of the year. Warm air rises at the equator and moves toward the poles.
Which ocean current determines weather changes?
Answer: The Gulf Stream determines climate change. Thermohaline circulation occurs due to the difference in the temperatures, densities, and salinities of the waters, and determines climate changes.
How do the oceans regulate climate quizlet?
Oceans absorb and retain solar heat and produce rain by evaporation; tradewinds carry storms and rain; currents regulate global climate, minimizing regional extremes. … Water evaporates from the ocean’s surface, and the vapors form the clouds.
What are six factors that affect the direction and speed of ocean currents quizlet?
Terms in this set (6)
- Convection currents. Water at the equator absorbs the intense, direct rays of the sun and becomes heated.
- Prevailing winds. Ocean currents tend to follow the prevailing winds blowing at the surface.
- Earth’s rotation. …
- Shape of the continents. …
- Heat capacity of water. …
- Amount of salt.
How do oceans influence coastal climates quizlet?
Ocean currents result in areas of relatively predictable temperatures and precipitation. In the summer, the ocean remains cooler, so land near the ocean is cooled in the summer by the ocean breeze. In the winter, the ocean retains some of its heat, making coastal areas somewhat warmer than inland areas in the winter.