In December, 1777, General George Washington moved the Continental Army to their winter quarters at Valley Forge. Though Revolutionary forces had secured a pivotal victory at Saratoga in September and October, Washington’s army suffered defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown, Pennsylvania.
What major event happened in 1777?
Saratoga: Revolutionary War Turning Point (1777-78)
The British defeated the Americans at Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania, on September 11 and entered Philadelphia on September 25. Washington rebounded to strike Germantown in early October before withdrawing to winter quarters near Valley Forge.
What battle happened in December 1777?
The Battle of White Marsh or Battle of Edge Hill was a battle of the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought December 5–8, 1777, in the area surrounding Whitemarsh Township, Pennsylvania.
How bad was it for Washington’s troops in the winter of 1777?
It was here, over the winter of 1777 and 1778, that 11,000 of Washington’s Continental Army faced one of its most trying episodes. While rain, snow, and cold temperatures afflicted the army, the situation was made far worse by the lack of shelter, blankets, winter coats, and even shoes.
Who died in 1777?
Pages in category “1777 deaths”
- Aaron ben Meir of Brest.
- Anton Cajetan Adlgasser.
- James Agnew (British Army officer)
- John Stratford, 1st Earl of Aldborough.
- John Allen Farm Massacre.
- Álvaro Eugenio de Mendoza Caamaño y Sotomayor.
- Charles Amcotts.
- Katharine Greene Amory.
Was there cannibalism in Valley Forge?
Apparently, during their stay at Valley Forge, Washington and his troops were stranded without supplies and forced to resort to cannibalism in order to survive. Washington relished the taste of human meat, having one man killed each day to satisfy him even after supplies came through.
Why was the winter at Valley Forge so difficult?
The winter at Valley Forge was a rough one. … The Valley Forge Encampment was difficult because the soldiers lacked proper clothing and proper meals. There were seven winters during the Revolutionary War. The winters could be rated on the following scale: severe, moderate and mild.
How many died at Valley Forge?
In total, about 1,700-2,000 troops died during the Valley Forge encampment, mostly at general hospitals located in six different towns. Valley Forge had the highest mortality rate of any Continental Army encampment, and even most military engagements of the war.
What happened to many of Washington’s men during the winter of 1777?
The particularly severe winter of 1777-1778 proved to be a great trial for the American army, and of the 11,000 soldiers stationed at Valley Forge, hundreds died from disease.
What did the soldiers eat at Valley Forge?
Soldiers were supposed to receive daily amounts of beef, pork or fish; flour or bread; cornmeal or rice; and rum or whiskey. However, with no organized distribution system combined with limited food resources near the encampment site, soldiers went several days with little to no food during the winter months.
Who won the battle of winter at Valley Forge?
The Continental Army’s transformative experiences at Valley Forge reshaped it into a more unified force capable of defeating the British and winning American independence during the remaining five years of the war.
Which country declares war on the British in 1777?
Spain declared war on Britain as an ally of France, itself an ally of the American colonies.
What killed soldiers at Valley Forge?
Yet cold and starvation were not the most dangerous threats to soldiers at Valley Forge: Diseases like influenza, dysentery, typhoid and typhus killed two-thirds of the nearly 2,000 soldiers who died during the encampment.