Clouds form throughout all the levels of the atmosphere and affect both weather and climate. The type and amount of clouds that commonly form over a region impact the precipitation conditions. Cloud cover may also influence temperatures at the surface of the planet.
Are clouds considered weather?
A cloud is a mass of water drops or ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere. … There are many different types of clouds. Clouds are an important part of Earth’s weather and climate.
Are clouds a climate forcing?
Clouds reflect shortwave radiation back to space causing a cooling effect. Longwave radiation emitted by the earth’s surface and atmosphere is trapped by clouds inducing a warming effect.
What effect does clouds have on the climate?
Clouds play a vital role in our climate by regulating the amount of solar energy that reaches the surface and the amount of the Earth’s energy that is radiated back into space. The more energy that is trapped by the planet, the warmer our climate will grow. If less energy is collected, the climate will become cooler.
Is fog a cloud?
Fog is a kind of cloud that touches the ground. Fog forms when the air near the ground cools enough to turn its water vapor into liquid water or ice.
Are clouds liquid or gas?
The water that makes up clouds is in liquid or ice form. The air around us is partially made up of invisible water vapor. It’s only when that water vapor cools and condenses into liquid water droplets or solid ice crystals that visible clouds form.
At what height clouds are present?
Clouds are generally encountered over a range of heights between the ground and about 60,000 feet. By convention, the atmosphere is vertically divided into three levels: high, middle and low.
|Level||Cloud Type||Height ranges (Australia)|
|Middle||Altocumulus Altostratus2 Nimbostratus1,2||8,500 ft – 20,000 ft|
What are clouds fluffy?
Cumulus clouds look like fluffy, white cotton balls in the sky. They are beautiful in sunsets, and their varying sizes and shapes can make them fun to observe! Stratus cloud often look like thin, white sheets covering the whole sky.
What is not a type of cloud?
The correct answer to the question “Which of the following is not a type of cloud” is option (c). Protected. And all the other options denote a type of cloud, Private Cloud, Public Cloud, and Hybrid Cloud.
Do clouds absorb shortwave radiation?
The high, thin cirrus clouds in the Earth’s atmosphere act in a way similar to clear air because they are highly transparent to shortwave radiation (their cloud albedo forcing is small), but they readily absorb the outgoing longwave radiation. … The additional energy causes a warming of the surface and atmosphere.
What is cloud radiative forcing?
In meteorology, cloud forcing, cloud radiative forcing (CRF) or cloud radiative effect (CRE) is the difference between the radiation budget components for average cloud conditions and cloud-free conditions.
What is cloud greenhouse forcing?
The shortwave rays from the Sun are scattered in a cloud. … Longwave rays emitted by the Earth are absorbed and reemitted by a cloud, with some rays going to the surface. Thicker arrows indicate more energy. The resulting “cloud greenhouse forcing,” taken by itself, tends to cause a warming of the Earth.