Liquid water evaporates into water vapor, condenses to form clouds, and precipitates back to earth in the form of rain and snow. Water in different phases moves through the atmosphere (transportation).
How does evaporation and condensation affect weather?
Liquid water is evaporated and changed into a gas. In this process, energy is absorbed (endothermic). … This process is called condensation and releases energy (exothermic). Tiny droplets of water in the atmosphere accumulate to form clouds, which can return the water to Earth as precipitation, namely rain or snow.
How does condensation affect climate?
The clouds formed by condensation are an intricate and critical component of Earth’s environment. … They influence the Earth’s climate by reflecting incoming solar radiation (heat) back to space and outgoing radiation (terrestrial) from the Earth’s surface.
How does evaporation affect the weather?
Changing climate means changing weather.
More rain and flooding: With more evaporation, there is more water in the air so storms can produce more intense rainfall events in some areas. This can cause flooding – a risk to the environment and human health.
How do evaporation and condensation influence the heat content of the air?
They do this by colliding with other water molecules. Evaporation is called a “cooling process” because it removes heat from the surrounding air. … They then escape the surface of the liquid and become a gas (water vapor), which then rises into the atmosphere.
What causes evaporation and condensation?
Water droplets form on the outside of a glass of iced tea on a warm day. … Although evaporation and condensation are opposite processes, both are caused by water molecules interacting with the warm or cool air around them.
Does condensation release or absorb heat?
The condensation is the opposite process of evaporation. Latent heat of condensation is energy released when water vapor condenses to form liquid droplets. The latent heat of condensation is defined as the heat released when one mole of the substance condenses.
What is difference between evaporation and condensation?
Condensation is the change from a vapor to a condensed state (solid or liquid). Evaporation is the change of a liquid to a gas.
What is evaporation example?
Evaporation is defined as the process of a liquid changing into a gas. An example of evaporation is water turning into steam. … Evaporation takes place at the surface of a liquid, where molecules with the highest kinetic energy are able to escape.
What increases the evaporation rate of water?
TL;DR: When trying to make water evaporate quickly, it is best to spread the water over a large surface area and apply heat as evenly as possible. If using hot air to evaporate water, increased velocity will increase the speed of evaporation.